To support safe, nurturing and productive learning environments, Lake Washington School District encourages schools to take an instructive, restorative and corrective approach in regards to student behavior. The goals of these approaches are to:
- correct inappropriate or unacceptable behavior;
- assist students in developing empathy for others;
- accept responsibility for their actions;
- develop the capacity to improve their behavior; and
- repair the harm caused as a result of their behavior.
Schools are encouraged to establish clear expectations for student behavior and methods for supporting students’ ability to meet these expectations. When appropriate, schools may identify additional learning opportunities, which may support students’ ability to meet expectations through a multi-tiered system of support.
When appropriate, schools are encouraged to support students in understanding harm that has been caused through a student’s action, whether intentional or unintentional, and identifying the needs of the students involved. Efforts will be taken to both encourage accountability and responsibility by the author of those actions as well as to reintegrate all students into the school or classroom community. This approach may be supported by the use of restorative contracts, impromptu conferences, restorative circles, or formal conferences.
In those instances when discipline is needed, schools may consider both the severity and frequency of the behavior when determining which corrective action is most appropriate.
In the Exceptional Misconduct and Other Misconduct Codes, consequences are divided into three categories:
- Minor/Initial – The impact of the student’s behavior is limited or minimal and/or this is the first such instance of this behavior by the student.
- Moderate/Repeated – The impact of the student’s behavior has a broader or more disruptive impact and/or this is behavior that has previously been addressed with the student.
- Severe/Persistent – The impact of the student’s behavior has a widespread or more significant disruptive impact and/or this is behavior that has not changed after multiple times of addressing it with the student.
The Lake Washington School District reserves the right to immediately suspend or expel a student where exceptional misconduct is involved (i.e., conduct that is so frequent or serious in nature, in terms of the disruptive effect on the operation of the school, as to warrant an immediate suspension or expulsion). This may also apply to students who have committed serious violations or acts in the community and may pose a continuing threat of substantial disruption to other students at school.
The school’s jurisdiction and authority include student conduct to and from school, at school, at bus stops, on busses, and at any school-sponsored activity. Also included in the school’s jurisdiction is any off-campus student speech or activity that school authorities have reason to believe will have a disruptive effect upon the operation or the learning environment of the school or impinge on the rights of other students or staff at school.
The District may administer suspensions and expulsions for behavioral violations. In responding to behavioral violations:
Parents should be involved early in efforts to support students in meeting behavioral expectations and resolving behavioral violations.
The student's individual circumstances and the nature and circumstances of the behavioral violation must be considered to determine whether the suspension or expulsion, and the length of the exclusion, is warranted.
Students must be provided an opportunity to receive educational services during a suspension or expulsion and should not be prevented from completing subject, grade-level, or graduation requirements as a result of discipline.
The principal or designee must report all suspensions and expulsions, and the behavioral violation that led to each suspension or expulsion, to the Superintendent or designee within twenty-four hours after the administration of the suspension or expulsion.
Reasonable efforts should be made to return the student to the student’s regular educational setting as soon as possible and allow the student to petition for readmission at any time consistent with the section on readmission within this regulation.
Students may not be suspended or expelled from school for absences or tardiness.
Students may be denied admission to, or entry upon, real and personal property that is owned, leased, rented, or controlled by the district while under suspension or expulsion.
Students may return to their regular educational setting following the end date of the suspension or expulsion, unless an exception is made consistent with District policy.
Specific information regarding limitations and due process for student discipline can be found in District policy (JG, JG-R)
Discipline: Any action taken by the District in response to a violation of behavioral expectations (D).
Suspension: Denial of right of attendance in response to a behavioral violation from any subject or class, or from any full schedule of subjects or classes. Short-term suspensions (STS) are for no more than ten consecutive school days. Long-term suspensions (LTS) exceed ten consecutive school days.
Expulsion: Denial of of admission to the student's current school placement in response to a behavioral violation (E).
Emergency Expulsion: The removal of a student from school because the student's presence poses an immediate and continuing danger to other students or school personnel, or an immediate and continuing threat of material and substantial disruption of the educational process. An emergency expulsion (EE) may be imposed to allow administrators to fully investigate the situation and impose any appropriate disciplinary or corrective action.
School Business Day: Any calendar day, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and federal and school holidays, on which the Office of the Superintendent is open to the public for the conduct of business.