Individual Health Plan (IHP)
Every student with diabetes in the District shall have an individualized health plan (IHP) in place at school. The IHP must be updated annually, or more frequently as necessary. The IHP will be distributed to appropriate staff and will include the following information:
- Provisions for the storage of medical equipment and medication provided by the parent;
- A description of the student’s school day schedule for the timing of meals, snacks, blood glucose testing, administration of insulin, and related services;
- An individualized emergency plan that prepares for both a health emergency plan for the student and a school disaster preparedness plan;
- Legal documents allowing a parent designated adult to provide care for the student if the parent has designated such a person;
- Any requests, instructions, and orders from licensed health care providers; and
- Permission for the diabetic student to perform blood glucose tests, administer insulin, treat hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, with easy access to the necessary supplies, equipment and medication as outlined in the student’s IHP. This includes the option for students to carry the necessary supplies, equipment and medication on their person and perform monitoring and treatment functions wherever they are on school grounds or at school sponsored events.
Parents of students with diabetes may designate an adult to provide care for their student consistent with the student’s individual health care plan. Parents shall provide to the school a written, signed consent form. Forms are available at the school or on the District website. Parent-designated adults who are not school employees are required to show evidence of training from a parent-selected health care professional (M.D. or R.N.) or expert in diabetic care to provide the care requested by the parent, and must meet school District requirements for volunteers.
District employees may volunteer to be a parent-designated adult under this policy, but they shall not be required to participate. Parent-designated adults who are school employees shall file a voluntary, written, current and, unexpired letter of intent stating their willingness to be a parent-designated adult. Forms are available for the letter of intent in schools and on the District website. Parent-designated adults who are school employees are required to receive training in caring for students with diabetes from a District health professional (M.D. or R.N.) or from a nationally certified diabetes educator. Parents are not permitted to train District employees. Additional training relating to injection procedures is required and must be provided by a health care professional as arranged by the parent.
The District Health Service Specialist is not responsible for the supervision of procedures authorized by the parents and carried out by the parent-designated adult. The District, its employees, agents or parent-designated adults who act in good faith and in substantial compliance with a student’s individual health care plan and the instructions of the student’s health care provider shall not be criminally or civilly liable for services provided under Chapter 350, Laws of 2002.