Strong kids begin with strong minds. That's why Jordan McClellion at Juanita Elementary is nurturing her students to see the best in themselves through the "affirmation mirror" station.
School Resource Officer
Purpose, Mission and Role
The mission of the Lake Washington School District School Resource Officer (SRO) program is to improve school safety by building a positive school climate in which each and every student feels safe to be able to participate in their learning.
The role of the SRO on campus involves four parts: law enforcement, fostering a positive school climate, crime prevention and education. The focus of any SRO working in the district is to keep students out of the criminal justice system when possible. The SRO shall be integrated into the school community through participation in school and community activities as requested. SROs shall support a positive school climate by developing positive relationships with students, parents, and staff, and by helping to promote a safe, inclusive, and positive learning environment. The SRO is a valuable team member of School Based Threat Assessment Teams, which are preventative in purpose. The SRO shall participate consistent with District Policy and Procedure 3225 – School Based Threat Assessment.
A School Resource Officer (SRO) is a commissioned law enforcement officer in the state of Washington with sworn authority to make arrests, deployed in community-oriented policing, and assigned by the employing police department or sheriff’s office to work in schools to address crime and disorder problems, gangs, and drug activities affecting or occurring in or around K-12 schools.
The primary responsibility for maintaining proper order and conduct in the schools resides with school principals or their designee, with the support of other school staff. This may include minor violations of the law occurring during school hours or at school activities. The SRO program shall not diminish the district’s authority and shall not be used to attempt to impose criminal sanctions in matters that are more appropriately handled within the district. Principals or their designee are expected to maintain order and handle all student discipline matters consistent with District Policy and Procedure 3241 - Student Discipline.
School administrators may ask a School Resource Officer to intervene if a student’s presence poses an immediate and continuing danger to others or an immediate and continuing threat of material and substantial disruption of the educational process or in other emergency circumstances consistent with District Policy and Procedure 3432 – Emergencies. SROs do not need to be asked before intervening if there is an imminent threat.
As a general rule, law enforcement activity should take place at a location other than school premises. However, there are circumstances where formal law enforcement intervention/activity at school is warranted and may be conducted by an SRO. These law enforcement activities may include interviews and interrogations; search of a student’s person, possessions, or locker; citations, filing of delinquency petitions, referrals to a probation officer, actual arrests, and other referrals to the juvenile justice system, consistent with District Policy and Procedure 3226 – Interview and Interrogations of Students on School and 3230 – Student Privacy and Searches.
The SRO duties do not extend to immigration enforcement and the SRO will not inquire into or collect information about an individual’s immigration or citizenship status, or place of birth. Neither will the SRO provide information pursuant to notification requests from federal immigration authorities for the purposes of civil immigration enforcement, except as required by law, consistent with District Policy and Procedure 4310 – District Relationship with Law Enforcement and Other Government Agencies.
Agreement, Training and Program Review
The district and the law enforcement agency will adopt an agreement that includes a jointly agreed upon hiring, placement, and performance evaluation process, confirms staff training, and includes a process for families to file complaints with the district and local law enforcement agency as well as a process for investigating and responding to complaints. The agreement will incorporate the SRO’s duties and the limitations thereof consistent with this policy, other related governing policies, and the governing regulations.
Law enforcement agencies are responsible for training their employees, including SROs, therefore, the law enforcement agency will confirm in the agreement that SROs have been trained, or have a plan to complete training in all topics required by law.
The agreement will incorporate an annual collection and reporting of data as required by OSPI as well as an annual review of the SRO program using a process that involves parents, students, and community members.
RCW 10.93.160 – Immigration and Citizenship Status
RCW 26.44.030 Interviews of children
RCW 26.44.050 - Abuse or neglect of child — Duty of law enforcement agency or department of social and health services — Taking child into custody without court order
RCW 26.44.110 Information about rights — Custody without court order — Written statement required — Contents
RCW 26.44.115 Child taken into custody under court order — Information to parents
RCW 28A.300.640 - 645 – School based threat assessment program
Chapter 28A.320.124 – School resource officer programs
20 U.S.C. 1232g Family Education Rights and Privacy Act
2121 - Substance Abuse Program
2161 - Special Education and Related Services for Eligible Students
2162 - Education of Students With Disabilities Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
3225 - School-Based Threat Assessment
3226 - Interviews and Interrogations of Students on School Premises
3230 - Student Privacy and Searches
3432 - Emergencies
3241 - Student Discipline
3246 - Restraint, Isolation and Other Uses of Reasonable Force
4210 - Regulation of Dangerous Weapons on School Premises
4310 - District Relationships with Law Enforcement and other Government Agencies
4314 - Notification of Threats of Violence or Harm
2020 - May Issue