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General Guidelines for Works Consulted Lists
In LWSD, elementary students should follow this introduction to the Modern Language Association (MLA) format for crediting sources in their papers.

What is a Works Consulted List?
The American Library Association now calls the list of materials used to create an essay a Works Consulted list. (There is also a Works Cited list for when you directly quote something from all of your resources and you have included parenthetical citations within your essay).

Bibliography is a passé term and should not be used.

Your works consulted list leads to your sources
The works consulted list should appear at the end of your research paper. It provides the information for a reader to locate and read any sources you used to prepare your paper. A works consulted page lists every resource you consulted and possibly some that you cited, but not all have to be quoted or paraphrased in your essay.

Formatting your works consulted list
Begin your works consulted list on a separate page from the text of the essay under the label Works Consulted (with no quotation marks, underlining, etc.). The title should be centered at the top of the page. There is a good example at the bottom of this page.

  • Left margin
  • If an entry is more than one line, indent any additional lines
  • Double-space between lines and entries
  • Alphabetize the list based on the first word of each entry (ignore A, An, The)
  • Include three key elements:
    1. Author’s name
    2. Title or source of the work
    3. Publication information
  • Online resource entries include the date and place that you accessed the information

General citation guidelines to follow

  • Put a period at the end of each element
  • Authors' names are inverted (last name first)
  • Capitalize each word in the titles of articles, books, etc.
  • Italicize titles of books, journals, magazines, newspapers, and films.
  • Use quotation marks around the titles of articles in journals, magazines, and newspapers.
  • For the publisher, list the city first, followed by a colon, then the publishing company.
  • Always end your citation with a period.

Citing sources in your paper
A “parenthetical citation” documents the source you used within the text of your paper. You cite information that is quoted and ideas that are paraphrased from your source by placing the author’s last name and the page number where the information can be found in parentheses. There is no comma between the author’s last name and the page number, with the end punctuation coming after the parenthesis. For more information on parenthetical citations see the secondary Citing Works Guidelines page.

Example: You can often get a mixed-breed dog for a small fee from your local animal shelter or humane society, and organization that works to protect animals. In many cases, you will be saving the dog’s life by adopting it. (Landau 17).


Works Consulted

"Dog Defenders." The Seattle Times. 30 June 1973: B4. Print.
Jones, Samantha. “Celebrate our Earth.” New York Times 4 April 2004.
Web. 15 March 2006.
Matsuoka, Judy Chiyo,. “Brazil.” World Book Encyclopedia. 1996. Print.
Miller, James E. “Beatles.” Worldbook Online. Web. 18 May 2005.
Sheftel-Gomes, Nasoan. Everything You Need to Know About Animals. New
York: Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 1998. Print.
Tuinstra, Rachel. “Your Pet Dog.” The Seattle Times. 19 May 2005: D3. Print.
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