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Mead students experience reading with a simulated vision disability

What does it feel like to have a disability? The Margaret Mead Elementary School PTSA wanted students to be able to empathize with their peers who face mobility, learning or other challenges. As part of Disability Awareness Month, they set up a Disability Awareness Fair with eight learning stations.

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Student Discipline and Corrective Action

File: JG-R

The procedures herein are organized into the following sections:

    1. Definitions
    2. Discipline
    3. Short-Term Suspension
      1. Limitations
      2. Notice
      3. Grievance Procedure
      4. Application for Readmission
    4. Long-Term Suspension
      1. Limitations
      2. Notice
      3. Request for Hearing Procedure
      4. Application for Readmission
      5. Re-engagement Meetings and Plans
    5. Emergency Expulsion
      1. Limitations
      2. Notice
      3. Request for Hearing Procedure
    6. Expulsion
      1. Limitations
      2. Notice
      3. Request for Hearing Procedure
      4. Application for Readmission
      5. Re-engagement Meetings and Plans
      6. Appeal for Extension of a One-Year Expulsion
A. Definitions
    1. "Discipline" refers to all forms of corrective action other than emergency removal from a class, subject, or activity, suspension or expulsion, and includes the exclusion of a student from a class by a teacher or administrator for a period of time. Discipline also means the exclusion of a student from any other type of activity conducted by or on behalf of a school district.
    2. "Suspension" is a denial of attendance (other than for the balance of the immediate class period for "discipline" purposes) for any single subject or class, or for any full schedule of subjects or classes for a stated period of time. A suspension also may include a denial of admission to, or entry upon, real and personal property that is owned, leased, rented, or controlled by the school district. In-house suspension” is a suspension that is served within the school setting. Whenever possible, in-house suspension shall be utilized.
    3. "Short-term suspension" is a suspension for any portion of a calendar day up to and not exceeding ten consecutive school days.
    4. "Long-term suspension" is a suspension that exceeds ten school days;
    5. "Emergency expulsion" is an emergency removal from school for up to, and not exceeding, ten consecutive school days from the student's current school placement by a school district superintendent or a designee of the superintendent when there is good and sufficient reason to believe that the student's presence poses an immediate and continuing danger to other students or school staff or an immediate and continuing threat of substantial disruption of the educational process. An emergency expulsion must end or be converted to another form of corrective action within ten school days from the date of the emergency removal from school.
    6. "Expulsion" is a denial of attendance for a period of time up to, but not longer than, one calendar year from the time a student is removed from his or her current school placement by a school district superintendent or a designee of the superintendent. An expulsion also may include a denial of admission to, or entry upon, real and personal property that is owned, leased, rented, or controlled by the school district.
    7. "School business day" is defined as any calendar day, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and any federal and school holidays, upon which the office of the superintendent of the school district is open to the public for the conduct of business. A school business day shall be concluded or terminated upon the closure of said office for the calendar day.
    8. “School day" is defined as a calendar day except school holidays on which students enrolled in the school district are afforded the opportunity to be engaged in educational activity which is planned, supervised, and conducted by or under the supervision of the school district certificated staff, and on which day all or any portion of the students enrolled in the program actually participate in such educational activity.
    9. "Re-engagement meeting" is a meeting held between the school district and the student and parent and / or guardian to discuss how to return a long-term suspended or expelled student to an education setting as soon as possible.
    10. "Re-engagement plan" is a written plan developed between a school district and a student and his / her parent or guardian designed to aid the student in taking the necessary steps to remedy the situation that led to the student's suspension or expulsion and return the student to the educational setting as soon as possible.

B. Discipline
"Discipline" includes all forms of non-suspension or expulsion corrective action, including brief exclusions from a class for not more than the remainder of the class period or for up to two days or until a teacher–administrator conference is held whichever is sooner and including exclusion from any other type of activity conducted by or for the district. Discipline shall not adversely affect specific academic grade, subject, or graduation requirements, so long as all required work is performed.

C. Short-term Suspension
    1. Limitations
      As a general rule, no student shall be suspended for a short- or long-term unless other forms of corrective action reasonably calculated to modify his / her conduct have previously been imposed upon the student as a consequence of misconduct of the same nature, except in cases of serious or exceptional misconduct. An exception may be granted by an administrator and/or hearing officer when warranted by extenuating circumstances. Whenever possible, in-house suspension shall be utilized.

      No student in grades kindergarten through grade four shall be subject to short-term suspensions for more than a total of ten school days during any single semester or trimester, and no loss of academic grades or credit shall be imposed by reason of a suspension.

      No student in grade five or above shall be subjected to short-term suspensions for more than a total of fifteen school days during any single semester or ten days during any single trimester.

      Any student subject to a short-term suspension shall be provided the opportunity to make up assignments and tests missed by reason of the short-term suspension if:
      1. Such assignments or tests have a substantial effect upon the student’s semester or trimester grade; or
      2. Failure to complete such assignment or tests would preclude the student from receiving credit for the course or courses.
    2. Notice
      Prior to the short-term suspension of any student a conference shall be conducted with the student as follows:
        1. An oral or written notice of the alleged misconduct and violation(s) of school district rules shall be provided to the student;
        2. An oral or written explanation of the evidence in support of the allegation(s) shall be provided to the student;
        3. An oral or written explanation of the corrective action which may be imposed shall be provided to the student; and,
        4. The student shall be provided the opportunity to present his/her explanation
        In the event a short-term suspension is to exceed one calendar day, the parent(s) or guardian(s) of the student shall be notified of the reason for the student's suspension and the duration of the suspension orally and/or by letter deposited in the United States mail as soon as reasonably possible. The notice shall also inform the parent or guardian of the right to an informal conference (see Section 3: Grievance Procedure) and that the suspension may possibly be reduced as a result of such conference.

        All short-term suspensions and the reasons therefor shall be reported in writing to the superintendent of the school district or his or her designee within twenty-four hours after the imposition of the suspension.
    3. Grievance Procedure
      Any student, parent, or guardian who is aggrieved by the imposition of a short-term suspension shall have the right to an informal conference with the building principal or his or her designee for the purpose of resolving the grievance. The employee whose action is being grieved shall be notified of the initiation of a grievance as soon as reasonably possible. During such conference, the student, parent, or guardian shall be subject to questioning by the building principal or his or her designee and shall be entitled to question school personnel involved in the matter being grieved. Subsequent to the building level grievance meeting, the student, parent, or guardian, upon two school business days' prior notice, shall have the right to present a written and/or oral grievance to the superintendent of the district or his / her designee. If the grievance is not resolved, the student, parent, or guardian, upon two school business days' prior notice, shall have the right to present a written and / or oral grievance to the board of directors during the board's next regular meeting. The board shall notify the student, parent, or guardian of its response to the grievance within ten school business days after the date of the meeting. The short-term suspension shall continue notwithstanding the implementation of the grievance procedure set forth in this section unless the principal or his or her designee elects to postpone such action.
    4. Application for Readmission
      Any student who has been short-term suspended may apply for readmission at any time. The application shall be submitted to the principal of the school at which the student is enrolled. The application shall include:
        1. Reasons the student wants to return and why the request should be considered
        2. Evidence that supports the request, and
        3. A supporting statement from the parent or other adults.
    5. The principal shall consider the application, consult with the superintendent or designee, and advise the parent and student of his or her decision in writing within two school business days.

      Should the student, parent, or guardian be aggrieved by the imposition of the suspension, the grievance procedure shall be utilized.

D. Long-term Suspension

    1. Limitations
      A long-term suspension may be imposed upon a student for violation of school district rules that reasonably warrant a long-term suspension and the length of the suspension imposed. A long-term suspension cannot be imposed in such a manner that causes the student to lose academic grades or credit in excess of one semester or trimester during the same school year; and cannot be imposed beyond the school year in which the alleged misbehavior occurs. As a general rule, no student shall be suspended for a long- term suspension unless another form of corrective action reasonably calculated to modify his or her conduct has previously been imposed upon the student as a consequence of misconduct of the same nature. However, exceptional/serious misconduct may warrant an immediate resort to long-term suspension. Whenever possible, in-house suspension shall be utilized.No student in grades kindergarten through four shall be subject to long-term suspension during any single semester or trimester, and no loss of academic grades or credit shall be imposed by reason of the suspension of such a student.No single long-term suspension shall be imposed upon a student in the grade five and above program in a manner which causes the student to lose academic grades or credit for in excess of one semester or trimester during the same school year.
    2. Notice
      Prior to the long-term suspension of a student, written notice of an opportunity for a hearing shall be delivered in person or by certified mail to the student and to his or her parent(s) or guardian(s). The notice shall:
      1. Be provided in the predominant language of a student and / or a parent(s) or guardian(s) who predominantly speak a language other than English, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964;
      2. Specify the alleged misconduct and the school district rule(s) alleged to have been violated;
      3. Set forth the corrective action proposed;
      4. Set forth the right of the student and his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to a hearing for the purpose of contesting the allegation(s); and,
      5. Set forth the facts that:
        1. A written or oral request for a hearing must be received by the school district employee designated, or by his or her office, on or before the expiration of the third school business day after receipt of the notice of opportunity for a hearing; and
        2. If such a request is not received within the prescribed period of time, then the right to a hearing may be deemed to have been waived and the proposed long-term suspension may be imposed by the school district without any further opportunity for the student or his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to contest the matter. A schedule of "school business days" potentially applicable to the exercise of such hearing right should be included with the notice.
      6. All long-term suspensions and the reasons therefore shall be reported in writing to the superintendent of the school district or his or her designee within twenty-four hours after the imposition of the suspension.
    3. Request for Hearing Procedure
      Any student, parent, or guardian who is aggrieved by the imposition of a long-term suspension shall have the right to request a hearing. A written or oral request for a hearing must be received by the school district employee designated, or by his or her office, on or before the expiration of the third school business day after receipt of the notice of opportunity for a hearing; and,
      1. If such a request is not received within the required three school business days, then the right to a hearing may be deemed to have been waived and the proposed long-term suspension may be imposed without any further opportunity for the student or his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to contest the matter. A schedule of "school business days" potentially applicable to the exercise of such hearing right should be included with the notice.
      2. If such a request is received within the required three school business days, the school district shall schedule a hearing to commence within three school business days after the date upon which the request for a hearing was received. A request for a hearing shall be provided to the school district employee specified in the notice of opportunity for a hearing, or to his or her office.
    4. Application for Readmission
      Any student who has been suspended may apply for readmission at any time. The application shall be submitted to the principal of the school at which the student is enrolled. The application shall include:
      1. Reasons the student wants to return and why the request should be considered,
      2. Evidence that supports the request, and
      3. A supporting statement from the parent or other adults.
    5. The principal shall consider the application, consult with the superintendent or designee, and advise the parent and student of his or her decision in writing within two school business days.

      Should the student, parent, or guardian be aggrieved by the imposition of the long-term suspension, the request for a hearing procedure shall be utilized.

    6. Re-engagement Meetings and Plans
      Efforts will be made to have long-term suspended students return to an educational setting as soon as possible. The district will strive to convene a meeting with the student and the student's parents or guardians within twenty days of the student's long-term suspension, but no later than five days before the student's re-entry or enrollment, to discuss a plan to re-engage the student in a school program. In developing a re-engagement plan, the district may consider shortening the length of time that the student is long-term suspended, other forms of corrective action, and supportive interventions that aid in the student's academic success and keep the student engaged and on track to graduate. Re-engagement plans will be tailored to the student's individual circumstances, including consideration of the incident that led to the student's long-term suspension. The plan is intended to aid the student in taking the necessary steps to remedy the situation that led to the student's suspension. Re-engagement meetings are separate from an application for readmission or a request for a hearing.

E. Emergency Expulsion

  1. Limitations
    A student may be expelled immediately by a school district superintendent or designee of the superintendent in emergency situations provided that the superintendent or designee has good and sufficient reason to believe that the student's presence poses an immediate and continuing danger to students, school staff, or poses an immediate and continuing threat of substantial disruption of the educational process. An emergency expulsion must end or be converted to another form of corrective action within ten school days from the date of the expulsion. A school district must provide notice and due process rights if it converts the emergency expulsion to another form of corrective action.
  2. Notice
    The student and his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) shall be notified of the emergency expulsion of the student and of their opportunity for a hearing either (a) by hand delivering written notice to the student's parent(s) or guardian(s) within twenty-four hours of the expulsion. School districts must document delivery of the notice by obtaining the signature of the parent(s) or guardian(s) acknowledging receipt or the written certification of the person making the delivery; or (b) by certified letter(s) deposited in the United States mail, within twenty-four hours of the expulsion. In addition, if the notice is by certified letter, reasonable attempts shall be made to notify the student and his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) by telephone or in person as soon as reasonably possible. Such written and oral notice shall:
    1. Be provided in the predominant language of a student and/or a parent(s) or guardian(s) who predominantly speak a language other than English, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964;
    2. Specify the alleged reasons that the student's presence poses an immediate and continuing danger to students, school staff, or poses an immediate and continuing threat of substantial disruption of the educational process;
    3. Set forth the date on which the emergency expulsion began and will end;
    4. Set forth the right of the student and/or his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to a hearing for the purpose of contesting the allegation(s) as soon as reasonably possible; and,
    5. Set forth the facts that:
      1. A written or oral request for a hearing must be received by the school district employee designated, or by his or her office, on or before the expiration of the third school business day after receipt of the notice of opportunity for a hearing; and,
      2. If such a request is not received within the prescribed period of time, then the right to a hearing may be deemed to have been waived, and the emergency expulsion may be continued, as deemed necessary, for up to ten school days from the date of the student's emergency removal from school without any further opportunity for the student or his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to contest the matter. A schedule of "school business days" potentially applicable to the exercise of such hearing right should be included with the notice.
  3. Request for Hearing Procedure
    Any student, parent, or guardian who is aggrieved by the imposition of an emergency expulsion shall have the right to request a hearing. A written or oral request for a hearing must be received by the school district employee designated, or by his or her office, on or before the expiration of the third school business day after receipt of the notice of opportunity for a hearing; and,
    1. If such a request is not received within the required three school business days, then the right to a hearing may be deemed to have been waived and the emergency expulsion may be imposed, as deemed necessary, for a period of up to ten school days from the date of the emergency removal from school.
    2. If such a request is received within the required three school business days, the school district shall immediately schedule a hearing to commence as soon as reasonably possible and in no case later than the second school business day after receipt of the request for hearing.
  4. Within one school business day after the date upon which the hearing concludes, the person(s) hearing the case shall issue a decision regarding whether the emergency expulsion shall continue. The school district shall provide notice of the decision to the student and the student's parent(s), guardian(s), and legal counsel, if any, by depositing a certified letter in the United States mail. The decision shall set forth the findings of fact, the conclusions (including a conclusion as to whether the immediate and continuing danger to students, school staff, or poses an immediate and continuing threat of substantial disruption of the educational process, giving rise to the emergency expulsion has terminated), and whether the emergency expulsion shall be converted to another form of corrective action.

F. Expulsion

  1. Limitations
    A student may be expelled for violation of school district rules when the nature and circumstances of the violation reasonably warrant the harshness of expulsion.No student shall be expelled unless other forms of corrective action reasonably calculated to modify his or her conduct have failed or unless there is good reason to believe that other forms of corrective action would fail if employed. An expulsion may not be for an indefinite period of time. An expulsion may not exceed one calendar year from the date of the corrective action unless the school petitions the district superintendent for an extension and the district superintendent authorizes the extension in compliance with the superintendent of public instruction's rules adopted for this purpose. The district shall make reasonable efforts to assist students in returning to an educational setting prior to, and no later than, the end date of the corrective action. Once a student has been expelled, the expulsion shall be brought to the attention of appropriate local and state authorities including, but not limited to, juvenile authorities in order that such authorities may address the student's educational needs.
  2. Notice
    Prior to the expulsion of a student, an oral or written notice of an opportunity for a hearing shall be delivered in person, or by certified mail to the student and to his or her parent(s) or guardian(s). The notice shall:
    1. Be provided in the predominant language of a student and / or a parent(s) or guardian(s) who predominantly speak a language other than English, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964;
    2. Specify the alleged misconduct and the school district rule(s) alleged to have been violated;
    3. Set forth the corrective action proposed;
    4. Set forth the right of the student and his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to a hearing for the purpose of contesting the allegation(s); and,
    5. Set forth the facts that:
      1. A written or oral request for a hearing must be received by the school district employee designated, or by his or her office, on or before the expiration of the third school business day after receipt of the notice of opportunity for a hearing; and
      2. If such a request is not received within the prescribed period of time, then the right to a hearing may be deemed to have been waived and the proposed expulsion may be imposed without any further opportunity for the student or his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to contest the matter. A schedule of "school business days" potentially applicable to the exercise of such hearing right should be included with the notice.
  3. All expulsions and the reasons therefore shall be reported in writing to the superintendent of the school district or his or her designee within twenty-four hours after the imposition of the expulsion.
  4. Request for Hearing Procedure
    Any student, parent, or guardian who is aggrieved by the imposition of a expulsion shall have the right to request a hearing. A written or oral request for a hearing must be received by the school district employee designated, or by his or her office, on or before the expiration of the third school business day after receipt of the notice of opportunity for a hearing; and,
    1. If such a request is not received within the required three school business days, then the right to a hearing may be deemed to have been waived and the proposed expulsion may be imposed without any further opportunity for the student or his or her parent(s) or guardian(s) to contest the matter. A schedule of "school business days" potentially applicable to the exercise of such hearing right should be included with the notice.
    2. If such a request is received within the required three school business days, the school district shall schedule a hearing to commence within three school business days after the date upon which the request for a hearing was received. A request for a hearing shall be provided to the school district employee specified in the notice of opportunity for a hearing, or to his or her office.
  5. Application for Readmission
    Any student who has been expelled may apply for readmission at any time. The application shall be submitted to the principal of the school at which the student is enrolled. The application shall include:
    1. Reasons the student wants to return and why the request should be considered,
    2. Evidence that supports the request, and
    3. A supporting statement from the parent or other adults.
  6. The principal shall consider the application, consult with the superintendent or designee, and advise the parent and student of his or her decision in writing within two school business days.

    Should the student, parent, or guardian be aggrieved by the imposition of the expulsion, the request for a hearing procedure shall be utilized.

  7. Re-engagement Meetings and Plans
    Efforts will be made to have expelled students return to an educational setting as soon as possible. The district will strive to convene a meeting with the student and the student's parents or guardians within twenty days of the student's expulsion, but no later than five days before the student's re-entry or enrollment, to discuss a plan to reengage the student in a school program. In developing a re-engagement plan, the district may consider shortening the length of time that the student is expelled, other forms of corrective action, and supportive interventions that aid in the student's academic success and keep the student engaged and on track to graduate. Re-engagement plans will be tailored to the student's individual circumstances, including consideration of the incident that led to the student's expulsion. The plan is intended to aid the student in taking the necessary steps to remedy the situation that led to the student's expulsion. Re-engagement meetings are separate from an application for readmission or a request for a hearing.
  8. Appeal for Extension of a One-Year Expulsion
    When warranted because of risk to the public health and safety, the principal or the principal's designee may petition the district's superintendent for authorization to exceed the one calendar year limitation on an expulsion. The superintendent may exercise his/her discretion to grant the petition in limited circumstances, on a case-by-case basis, so long as there is evidence that, if the student were to return at or before one calendar year, he/she would pose a risk to public health or safety. The petition to exceed the one-year limit shall include, at least, the following:
    1. A detailed description of the student's misconduct, the school rules which were violated, and the public health and/or safety concerns of the district;
    2. A detailed description of the student's academic, attendance, and discipline history, if any;
    3. A description of the lesser forms of corrective actions which were considered and reasons why those were rejected;
    4. A description of all alternative learning experiences, vocational programs, and/or other educational services which may be available to the student;
    5. The proposed extended length of the expulsion;
    6. Identification of special education services or accommodations pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, if appropriate; and,
    7. A proposed date for the re-engagement meeting
    Designated staff shall submit the petition at any time after final imposition of a one-year expulsion and prior to the end of that expulsion.

    A copy of the petition shall be delivered in person or by certified mail to the student and his/her parent(s)/guardian(s). The petition shall be provided in the predominant language of the student and/or parent(s)/guardian(s) who speak a language, other than English, in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    The student and/or parent(s)/guardian(s) may submit a written or verbal response to the petition within ten school business days of the recorded receipt of the petition.

    Within eleven school business days, but no later than twenty school business days of the date of the petition's recorded delivery to the student/parent(s)/guardian(s), the district superintendent shall issue a written decision indicating whether the petition is granted or denied. The written decision shall also include a description of all rights and procedures for appeal.

    If the petition is granted, within ten school business days of the receipt of the decision, the student and/or parent(s)/guardian(s) may appeal the decision to the district's school board in accordance with WAC 392-400-310 and 392-400-315.

    Annually, all school districts shall report the number of petitions submitted, approved, and denied to the office of the superintendent of public instruction.

Approved:
01/12/15

LEGAL REFS.:
RCW 28A.600.010 - .022
WAC 392-400
WAC 392-400-200 through 392-400-420

CONTRACT REF.:

Lake Washington Education Association Agreement, Article 19

CROSS REFS.:
ECAB, Vandalism
GBC, Staff Ethics
JEDA, Truancy
JFC and JFC-R, Student Conduct on School Buses

A group of students sing at an assembly

Foundations and Basic Commitments (Reference Code A)

General School Administration (Reference Code C)

District and school administrators working together

Policies about the school district management, the administrative structure and school building and department administration. Here, you will find the personnel policies that pertain to one the superintendent. See the Personnel section below for all other personnel policies.

Fiscal Management (Reference Code D)

Support Services (Reference Code E)

Facilities Development (Reference Code F)

Personnel (Reference Code G)

School principal and staff members working together in a classroomThe personnel policies are divided in three main subdivisions: topics that pertain to all employees; policies that pertain to professional personnel, including administrators, who must hold educational certification by the state to serve in their positions; and policies pertaining to all other personnel.

Negotiations (Reference Code H)

Staff members working together on a laptopThese policies pertain to the process of negotiating with staff units recognized by the school board.

Instruction (Reference Code I)

Student raises hand while elementary school teacher talks to classPolicies on instructional program: basic programs, special programs, activities programs, instructional resources and academic achievement.

Students (Reference Code J)

A group of diverse students sing during assemblyPolicies concerning students are found here: admissions, attendance, rights and responsibilities, conduct, discipline and health and welfare services. Policies pertaining to the curriculum, instruction of students, and extracurricular programs are in the Instruction section.

School-Community Relations (Reference Code K)

Community volunteer works with elementary school studentPolicies affecting relations with the general public and with community and public agencies except other educational agencies and groups.

Education Agency Relations (Reference Code L)