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Sexual Harassment of Students

File: JFDA-R

The Lake Washington School District strives to provide students with optimal conditions for learning by maintaining a school environment where everyone is treated with respect and no one is physically or emotionally harmed. In order to ensure respect and prevent harm, it is a violation of district policy for a student to be sexually harassed by other students, employees or third parties involved in school district activities. Any school staff who observes, overhears, or otherwise witnesses sexual harassment or to whom such actions have been reported must take prompt and appropriate action to stop the harassment and to prevent its reoccurrence.

Notice
Sexual harassment recognition and prevention and the elements of this policy will be included in staff, student and regular volunteer orientation. Information about the policy and procedure will be clearly stated and conspicuously posted throughout each school building, provided to each employee and reproduced in any student, staff, volunteer and parent handbook that may be produced. Such notices will identify the District’s Title IX Coordinator’s title and contact information.

Allegations of Sexual Assault
In instances involving alleged sexual assault, the school principal will immediately inform: 1) the Title IX Coordinator so that the district can appropriately respond to the incident consistent with its own grievance procedures; and 2) law enforcement. The principal will also notify the targeted student(s) and their parents/guardians of their right to file a criminal complaint and a sexual harassment complaint simultaneously.

Confidentiality

  • If a complainant requests that his or her name not be revealed to the alleged perpetrator or asks that the district not investigate or seek action against the alleged perpetrator, the request will be forwarded to the Title IX Coordinator for evaluation.
  • The Title IX Coordinator should inform the complainant that honoring the request may limit the District’s ability to respond fully to the incident, including pursuing disciplinary action against the alleged perpetrator.
  • If the complainant still requests that his or her name not be disclosed to the alleged perpetrator or that the district not investigate or seek action against the alleged perpetrator, the district will need to determine whether or not it can honor such a request while still providing a safe and nondiscriminatory environment for all students, staff and other third parties engaging in district activities, including the person who reported the sexual harassment. Although a complainant’s request to have his or her name withheld may limit the district’s ability to respond fully to an individual allegation of sexual harassment, the district will use other appropriate means available to address the sexual harassment.

Retaliation
Title IX prohibits retaliation against any individual who files a complaint under these laws or participates in a complaint investigation. When an informal or formal complaint of sexual harassment is made, the district will take steps to stop further harassment and prevent any retaliation against the person who made the complaint, was the subject of the harassment, or against those who provided information as a witness. The district will investigate all allegations of retaliation and take actions against those found to have retaliated.

Informal Complaint Process
Anyone may use informal procedures to report and resolve complaints of sexual harassment. Informal reports may be made to any staff member. Staff will notify complainants of their right to file a formal complaint and the process for same. Staff will also direct potential complainants to an appropriate staff member who can explain the informal and formal complaint processes and what a complainant can expect. Additionally, staff will also inform an appropriate supervisor or professional staff member when they receive complaints of sexual harassment, especially when the complaint is beyond their training to resolve or alleges serious misconduct.

During the course of the informal complaint process, the district will take prompt and effective steps reasonably calculated to end any harassment and to correct any discriminatory effects on the complainant. If an investigation is needed to determine what occurred, the district will take interim measures to protect the complainant before the final outcome of the district’s investigation (e.g., allowing the complainant to change academic or extracurricular activities or break times to avoid contact with the alleged perpetrator).

Informal remedies may include:

  • An opportunity for the complainant to explain to the alleged harasser that his or her conduct is unwelcome, offensive or inappropriate, either in writing or face-to-face;
  • A statement from a staff member to the alleged harasser that the alleged conduct is not appropriate and could lead to discipline if proven or repeated;
  • A general public statement from an administrator in a building reviewing the district sexual harassment policy without identifying the complainant;
  • Developing a safety plan;
  • Separating students; or
  • Providing staff and/or student training

Informal complaints may become formal complaints at the request of the complainant, parent/guardian, or because the district believes the complaint needs to be more thoroughly investigated.

The district will inform the complainant and their parent/guardian how to report any subsequent problems. Additionally, the district will conduct follow-up inquiries to see if there have been any new incidents or instances of retaliation, and to promptly respond and appropriately address continuing or new problems. Follow-up inquiries will follow a timeline agreed to by the district and complainant.

Formal Complaint Process
Level One – Complaint to District
Anyone may initiate a formal complaint of sexual harassment, even if the informal complaint process was initially utilized. At any level in the formal complaint process, the district will take interim measures to protect the complainant before the final outcome of the district’s investigation.
The following process will be followed:
Filing of Complaint
  • All formal complaints must be in writing and will set forth the specific acts, conditions or circumstances alleged to have occurred and to constitute sexual harassment. The Title IX Coordinator may draft the complaint based on the report of the complainant for the complainant to review and approve. The superintendent or Title IX Coordinator may also conclude that the district needs to conduct an investigation based on information in his or her possession, regardless of the complainant's interest in filing a formal complaint.
  • The time period for filing a complaint is one year from the date of the occurrence that is the subject matter of the complaint. However, a complaint filing deadline may not be imposed if the complainant was prevented from filing due to: 1) Specific misrepresentations by the district that it had resolved the problem forming the basis of the complaint; or 2) Withholding of information that the district was required to provide under WAC 392-190-065 or WAC 392-190-005.
  • Complaints may be submitted in writing to the district Title IX Coordinator: Director of Student Services, 16250 NE 74th St., Redmond, WA 98052 or 425-936-1289 or titleix@lwsd.org.
Investigation and Response
  • The Title IX Coordinator will receive and investigate all formal, written complaints of sexual harassment or information in the coordinator’s possession that they believe requires further investigation. The Coordinator will delegate his or her authority to participate in this process if such action is necessary to avoid any potential conflicts of interest. Upon receipt of a complaint, the Coordinator will provide the complainant a copy of this procedure.
  • Investigations will be carried out in a manner that is adequate in scope, reliable and impartial. During the investigation process, the complainant and accused party or parties, if the complainant has identified an accused harasser(s), will have an equal opportunity to present witnesses and relevant evidence. Complainants and witnesses may have a trusted adult with them during any district-initiated investigatory activities. The school district and complainant may also agree to resolve the complaint in lieu of an investigation or through the informal complaint process. When the investigation is completed, the Coordinator will compile a full written report of the complaint and the results of the investigation.
  • The Title IX Coordinator or designee will respond in writing to the complainant and the alleged perpetrator within thirty (30) calendar days of receipt of the complaint, unless otherwise agreed to by the complainant or if exceptional circumstances related to the complaint require an extension of the time limit. In the event an extension is needed, the district will notify the complainant in writing of the reason for the extension and the anticipated response date. At the time the district responds to the complainant, the district must send a copy of the response to the office of the superintendent of public instruction.
  • The response of the Title IX Coordinator or designee will include: 1) a summary of the results of the investigation; 2) a statement as to whether a preponderance of the evidence establishes that the complainant was sexually harassed ; 3) if sexual harassment is found to have occurred, the corrective measures the district deems necessary, including assurance that the district will take steps to prevent recurrence and remedy its effects on the complainant and others, if appropriate; 4) notice of the complainant’s right to appeal to the school board and the necessary filing information; and 5) any corrective measures the district will take, remedies for the complainant (e.g., sources of counseling, advocacy and academic support), and notice of potential sanctions for the perpetrator(s) (e.g., discipline).
  • The Title IX Coordinator or designee’s response will be provided in a language the complainant can understand and may require language assistance for complainants with limited English proficiency.
  • If the complaint alleges sexual harassment by a named party or parties, the coordinator will provide the accused party or parties with notice of the outcome of the investigation and notice of their right to appeal any discipline or corrective action imposed by the district.
  • Any corrective measures deemed necessary will be instituted as quickly as possible, but in no event more than thirty (30) days after the district’s mailing of a written response, unless the accused is appealing the imposition of discipline and the district is barred by due process considerations or a lawful order from imposing the discipline until the appeal process is concluded.
  • The district will inform the complainant and their parent/guardian how to report any subsequent problems. Additionally, the district will conduct follow-up inquiries to see if there have been any new incidents or instances of retaliation, and to promptly respond and appropriately address continuing or new problems. Follow-up inquiries will follow a timeline agreed to by the district and complainant.
Level Two - Appeal to District
  • If a complainant disagrees with the Title IX Coordinator’s or designee’s written decision, the complainant may appeal the decision to the Superintendent or designee, by filing a written notice of appeal with the superintendent’s office within ten (10) calendar days following the date upon which the complainant received the response.
  • Both parties shall be allowed to present such written facts, witness statements, or other documentation as the Superintendent or designee deems relevant and material.
  • Unless otherwise agreed to by the complainant and the Superintendent or designee, or for good cause, the Superintendent or designee shall render a written decision on or before the thirtieth (30th) calendar day following the filing of the written notice of appeal, unless otherwise agreed to by the complainant and the Superintendent or designee, or for good cause.
  • The written decision shall include notice of the complainant's right to appeal to the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction as set forth below.
  • The decision will be provided in a language that the complainant can understand which may require language assistance for complainants with limited English proficiency.
  • The decision will include notice of the complainant’s right to appeal to the Superintendent of Public Instruction and will identify where and to whom the appeal must be filed. The district will send a copy of the appeal decision to the office of the superintendent of public instruction.
Level Three - Complaint to the Superintendent of Public Instruction
Filing of Complaint
  • If a complainant disagrees with the decision of the Superintendent or designee the complainant may file a complaint with the Superintendent of Public Instruction.
  • A complaint must be received by the Superintendent of Public Instruction on or before the twentieth (20) calendar day following the date upon which the complainant received written notice of the board of directors’ decision, unless the Superintendent of Public Instruction grants an extension for good cause. Complaints may be submitted by mail, fax, electronic mail, or hand delivery.
  • A complaint must be in writing and include: 1) A description of the specific acts, conditions or circumstances alleged to violate applicable anti-sexual harassment laws; 2) The name and contact information, including address, of the complainant; 3) The name and address of the district subject to the complaint; 4) A copy of the district’s complaint and appeal decision, if any; and 5) A proposed resolution of the complaint or relief requested. If the allegations regard a specific student, the complaint must also include the name and address of the student, or in the case of a homeless child or youth, contact information.
Mediation
At any time during the complaint procedure the district may offer mediation consistent with the procedures set forth in WAC 392-190-0751. The complainant and the district may agree to extend the complaint process deadlines in order to pursue mediation.

The purpose of mediation is to provide both the complainant and the district an opportunity to resolve disputes and reach a mutually acceptable agreement through the use of an impartial mediator.

Adopted:
06/14/16

LEGAL REFS.:
WAC 392-190-065
RCW 28A.640.020

20 U.S.C. 1681-1688

CROSS REF.:
JFD, Harassment, Intimidation, and Bullying of Students
JFD-R, Harassment, Intimidation, and Bullying of Students – Procedures
JFDA, Sexual Harassment of Students
ACA, Human Dignity
AC, Nondiscrimination
AC-R, Nondiscrimination - Procedures
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