Copyright laws govern the use of copyrighted materials. Teachers and students may use copyrighted materials for educational projects and learning activities, but they must follow specific “fair use” guidelines.
When creating presentations with copyrighted materials, you need to include an opening screen (see below) in addition to your works cited page at the end of the presentation.
Your opening screen should say:
NOTICE: The following presentation contains copyrighted materials used under the Multimedia Guidelines and Fair Use exemptions of U.S. Copyright law. Further use is prohibited.
You may simply copy and paste the above (select "paste special" and choose to paste as text, unformatted text, or unicode text) onto your page.
Fair use guidelines strongly advise obtaining permission from copyright owners whenever possible. Acknowledgement of copyright, including copyright symbol ©, is required. Penalties may be imposed for unauthorized copying or use of audio, visual, or printed material and computer software without following the fair use guidelines listed to the right.
Fair use applies only to teacher or student-created items for instructional or educational purposes. For fair use to apply, work must be for instructional purposes, not for personal use.
Items can be used for specific periods
- Items created by teachers may be used without permission for a period of up to two years after the first instructional use.
- Material copied by teachers may be used for only one course term.
- Items may be kept in student portfolios as examples of academic work for any length of time.
- Video, taped from television, can be shown for up to 10 days from original broadcast.
Some reproduction of information from the Internet is allowed, some is not
- Copying information from one Internet website onto another Internet website is not permissible.
- Creating a link to another website is permissible.
- Using copyrighted information from the Web in multimedia projects is permissible.
- Citations can be in a works cited or list form. Place the URL directly below any illustration or photograph used.
- Examples of properly cited resources.
Different types of information are subject to different limits
Use of intellectual property is subject to limitations, which may vary with the type of information.
Text and data limits
For text and data, educational fair use allows the reproduction of:
- Up to 10%, but no more than1000 words, of essays, articles or stories, of a single copyrighted work.
- Up to 250 words of an entire poem, or a portion of the poem.
- No more than three poems or excerpts by a single poet or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology.
- Up to 10%, but no more than 2500 fields or cell entries, from a database or data table.
Illustrations and photograph limits
Copyrighted images used on a web page must be displayed with the creator’s name. Educational use may include reproduction of any of the following:
- A photograph or illustration used in its entirety.
- No more than five images by a single artist or photographer.
- Up to 10%, but no more than 15 images, from a single published collection.
- One chart, graph, diagram, cartoon, or picture per book or periodical issue.
Motion, music and lyrics limits
Alterations to a musical or motion media work cannot change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work. Performance rights must be purchased prior to use in a public performance. Educational use may include:
- Up to 10%, but no more than three minutes, of a single copyrighted motion media work.
- Up to 10%, but no more than 30 seconds, of music and lyrics from a single musical work.
Information for this publication was obtained from the Copyright Act of 1976.